Socio-ecological Union

The Newsletter of
the Socio-Ecological Union
A Center for Coordination
and Information

Moscow, Russia -- Issue 11(33), December, 2002


The International Socio-Ecological Union and BioDat Agency Present:

The International Socio-Ecological Union and BioDat Agency Present:

  Moscow - The Ecological Rating of Russian "big business" was presented at a press-conference on December 19. Until that day there weren't any attempts to undertake a complex ecological rating and research of main industries impact on environment. Unique method based on open source information use allows creating the exclusive production costs ecological rating system. The project is supported by The International SocioEcological Union and BioDat Agency.
  Thirteen Russian large companies, regions and industries are ranked according to damage done to the environment.

Norilsk Nickel 16.48
RAO UES of Russia 15.62
AlRosa - Saha 11.48
KuzbassRazrezUgol 9.59
RosNeft 7.57
SeverStal 7.55
SurgutNefteGas 5.63
LukOil 5.34
Yukos 4.93
Sidanko 3.88
GazProm 3.75
Russia's Average 1.00
VAZ 0.37
GAZ 0.17

Krasnoyarsk Territory 2.86
Khanty-Mansy Autonomy 1.75
Chelyabinsk Region 1.51
Samara Region 1.47
Perm Region 1.24
Sverdlovsk Region 1.21
Rostov Region 0.88
Bashkiria 0.87
Krasnodar Territory 0.87
Tatarstan 0.85
Saint-Petersburg and Saint-Petersburg Region 0.74
Nizhniy Novgorod Region 0.66
Moscow and Moscow Region 0.37
Russia's Average 1.00

Electric-power 16.27
Non-ferrous metallurgy 14.72
Natural gas 13.52
Coal mining 8.59
Iron industry 5.64
Petroleum 5.37
production Petroleum refinery 4.51
Transportation 1.89
Russia's average 1.00
Other industry 1.00
Agriculture 0.41
Other industries 0.32
Construction 0.29
Mechanical engineering 0.23

  Russia heired from socialist system practice of collecting ecological statistics for industries and regions only. No 'companies' summary has been collected by The National Statistics Committee and no data on companies' environment pollution and use of natural resources were published. Each enterprise of company is situated in a particular region and belongs to a particular industry as well. Calculation of ecological costs by regions and industries is a way to get approximate rating values. For every factory, field or mine there are industry and region ratings, and an average rating of regions where another companies' similar enterprises situated. Comparing cross-referencing indices allows specifying the ecological rating value. The Ecological Rating is based only on official statistics from The National Statistics Committee and The State Report on Environmental Situation. Calculation utilizes the values of seven available statistics - the so-called 'seven sins of the economy':

  • amounts of water taken from natural water resources
  • pollution of surface waters
  • air pollution from industry
  • air pollution from transportation
  • toxic wastes
  • waste lands and landfills territory
  • flooded lands territory

  Calculation of integral indices resting upon these statistics makes it possible to compare leading Russian companies, regions and industries by their damage to an environment and a public health. Resulting rates represent size [amount] of an ecological "footprint" of certain activity.
  A value of ecological costs in regions per working man is equated to one and being calculated for each statistics. Seven statistics are integrated into a base index by reducing them to a common denominator - mean (average Russian economics) value of damage in regions per working man. Next, results are interpreted to basic industries. For example, nonferrous metallurgy occupies 2% (of all industries) to 26% of toxic wastes - 14 times more as compared to mean value of all industries. This is an opening of the Ecological Rating. The

  International Socio-Ecological Union and BioDat Agency would make it annual and more expanded. The social conflicts rating would appear soon as well as many other interesting projects.

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  This issue was written and complied by Sviatoslav Zabelin - the SEU Council Co-Chair,
  Olga Berlova, translation by Alla Kapustina